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The world’s oceans could see a 170 per cent increase in acidification by the end of the century, according to a research summary led by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP)

'Missing heat' found

Suggestions that global warming has slowed or even stopped are in doubt following the publication of a new study that has identified the ‘missing heat’ in the global climate system
Strong growth in coal consumption has consolidated the fuel as the main source of carbon dioxide emissions, according to the Global Carbon Project’s (GCP) annual analysis of global carbon emissions
A new study published in Nature Geoscience suggests that the seafloor off the coast of northern Siberia is releasing more than twice as much methane as previously estimated
Neither solar activity nor the Sun’s blocking of cosmic rays is responsible for significant global warming, says a study in Environmental Research Letters
Indecision by India and Pakistan has stalled Nepal’s attempt to gain recognition for five 8,000-metre-plus mountain peaks, according to a BBC report

Hotspot – The Gambia

The Gambia’s decision to leave the Commonwealth has shone a spotlight on the international organisation. Klaus Dodds investigates the purpose of the modern Commonwealth

Ice-cold exploration

High in the Swiss Alps, Robbie Shone joins a team of British scientists exploring, mapping and photographing the network of moulins and ice caves that riddle the 14-kilometre-long Gorner Glacier
How do cartographers and explorers come up with new names for locations and features in relatively recently discovered parts of the world? Adrian Fox and Kate Bazeley explore the history of naming Antarctica
Inspired by stories of European adventurers exploring the great West African rivers in centuries past, husband and wife team Jason Florio and Helen Jones-Florio followed the course of the River Gambia from source to mouth
A pair of University of Cincinnati researchers has used computer algorithms to develop a novel method for creating landscape maps
The fact that more tropical rain falls on the Northern Hemisphere than in the south has been linked to ocean currents, overturning the previous theory that it was caused by the shape of the ocean basins
Hunting by Aboriginals in Australia’s Western Desert can actually increase the populations of the hunted animals, according to a recent study published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B
A team of US researchers has developed an online map through which users can view how people organise themselves according to variables such as age, income, race and household size in cities across the USA
Rising sea levels, more intense drought and severe storms caused by climate change will put about 12 million people in 23 East Asian cities at risk and jeopardise US$864billion in assets

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