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CLIMATE

Significant changes are taking place in the patterns of extreme wet and dry events in central India, increasing the risk of drought and flood in one of the world’s most densely populated regions
Increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more of the gas, accelerating climate change
New analysis of temperature records dating back to 1500 all but rules out possibility that global warming during the industrial era is just a natural fluctuation in the Earth’s climate
New study published in Nature Geoscience establishes link between atmospheric dust and strength of monsoon rains falling on Indian subcontinent
Volcanic eruptions that took place during the early part of the 21st century have contributed to the hiatus in global warming
A new study published in Nature Climate Change suggests that an unprecedented strengthening of the equatorial trade winds has played a major role in the observed pause in surface warming
Extremely hot temperatures over land have increased in number and area, despite the hiatus in global warming, according to a new study

The tide is turning

Extreme weather, rising sea levels and slowly altering local climates are affecting an increasing number of people around the world, from the Pacific to the Arctic. Even the West is feeling the pinch

Food for thought

Whether it’s increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, the spread of pests and pathogens or the impact of sea-level rise, climate change is making life increasingly precarious for farmers around the world
Cognitive science and psychology can help to explain why there’s a persistent gap between the established facts of climate science and their wider public acceptance

The big melt

All over the world, mountain glaciers are in retreat, providing one of the clearest and most unambiguous signals that climate change is already under way
Making long-term predictions about precipitation is virtually impossible. But scientists believe that the recent proliferation of heavy rainfall events and heatwaves is proof that climate change is taking hold
Declining chlorine levels in the stratosphere haven’t yet led to the recovery of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica, according to two new NASA studies

'Missing heat' found

Suggestions that global warming has slowed or even stopped are in doubt following the publication of a new study that has identified the ‘missing heat’ in the global climate system
Strong growth in coal consumption has consolidated the fuel as the main source of carbon dioxide emissions, according to the Global Carbon Project’s (GCP) annual analysis of global carbon emissions
Neither solar activity nor the Sun’s blocking of cosmic rays is responsible for significant global warming, says a study in Environmental Research Letters
Rising sea levels, more intense drought and severe storms caused by climate change will put about 12 million people in 23 East Asian cities at risk and jeopardise US$864billion in assets
Parts of Europe have seen the temperatures of their hottest days and coldest nights increase by more than four times the global average change since 1950, according to a new study

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