Has Franklin’s second ship, HMS Terror, finally been discovered?

  • Written by  Joseph Frey
  • Published in Explorers
Has Franklin’s second ship, HMS Terror, finally been discovered? Arctic Research Foundation
19 Sep
2016
Reports that Sir John Franklin’s second ship, HMS Terror, has been discovered off Canada’s King William Island, in aptly named Terror Bay, means a major new piece of the Franklin puzzle has been found

On September 2, 2016 Sammy Kogvik, a Canadian Ranger (a Canadian army reserve formation) and a resident of Gjoa Haven, an Inuit community on the east coast of King William Island, was aboard the R/V Martin Bergmann as it sailed to Victoria Strait on the west coast of Canada’s King William Island. The research ship was to join an expedition flotilla consisting of ships from Parks Canada, the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Royal Canadian Navy’s HMCS Shawinigan. Kogvik recounted that several years previously, while on a hunting trip, he came across a mast sticking through the sea ice in Terror Bay. A result of the tip, the crew diverted Martin Bergmann to Terror Bay, and the discovery of the wreck of the HMS Terror followed.

Click here to read about the earlier discovery of the HMS Erebus

According to reports, a remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) was used to penetrate the ship to gather video and photographs. News of the discovery was announced by a British media outlet. While ARF officials quickly ID’d the vessel as Terror, Parks Canada’s underwater archaeology team, which has been leading the search for the two ships over many years, has at the time of writing apparently not yet visited the site to confirm the discovery. This confirmation might await a new season as winter conditions settle into the area.

Sir John FranklinSir John Franklin (Image: RGS-IBG Collections)

Once confirmed, the location of the Terror may cause the historical interpretation of the expedition’s end to be rewritten. The only written record left behind by Franklin’s crew, the Victory Point note, found on the northwest coast of King William Island, gives the location of where Erebus and Terror were abandoned – in Victoria Strait. Some historical Inuit accounts described a ship being crushed there by ice and sinking quickly. The discovery of Terror, completely intact and in Terror Bay, raises more questions than it answers.

HMS Terror should be of particular interest to Americans, not only were the Erebus and Terror the first two ships to circumnavigate the Antarctic, but Terror was part of the British bombardment fleet that attacked Baltimore’s Fort McHenry. As a heavy bombardment vessel designed to attack coastal fortifications Terror’s heavy mortar fire contributed to those lines of the Star Spangled Banner, ‘the rockets red glare, bombs bursting in air’. Terror, along with Erebus, are going to be treasure troves of mid-19th century technology and information, and the next few years are going to be exciting to see what Parks Canada marine archaeologists will recover from these two venerable ships and the new light that they will shed on Franklin’s expedition.

Joseph Frey, a member of the 2014 Victoria Strait Expedition, is a Governor of The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and a former Director and Vice President of The Explorers Club, New York City. A retired Royal Canadian Navy officer he recently participated in the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s Battle of the Atlantic Expedition mapping of German U-boat U-576.

Share this story...

Submit to FacebookSubmit to Google PlusSubmit to Twitter

Related items

Geographical Week

Get the best of Geographical delivered straight to your inbox every Friday.

LATEST HEADLINES

Subscribe Today

EDUCATION PARTNERS

Aberystwyth UniversityUniversity of GreenwichThe University of Winchester

TRAVEL PARTNERS

Ponant

Silversea

Travel the Unknown

DOSSIERS

Like longer reads? Try our in-depth dossiers that provide a comprehensive view of each topic

  • The Air That We Breathe
    Cities the world over are struggling to improve air quality as scandals surrounding diesel car emissions come to light and the huge health costs of po...
    The Nuclear Power Struggle
    The UK appears to be embracing nuclear, a huge U-turn on government policy from just two years ago. Yet this seems to be going against the grain globa...
    Diabetes: The World at Risk
    Diabetes is often thought of as a ‘western’ problem, one linked to the developed world’s overindulgence in fatty foods and chronic lack of physi...
    National Clean Air Day
    For National Clean Air Day, Geographical brings together stories about air pollution and the kind of solutions needed to tackle it ...
    REDD+ or Dead?
    The UN-backed REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) scheme, under which developing nations would be paid not to cut dow...

MORE DOSSIERS

NEVER MISS A STORY - follow Geographical

Want to stay up to date with breaking Geographical stories? Join the thousands following us on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram and stay informed about the world.