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NATURE

A clear signal

With the summer ice melting and temperatures rising at unprecedented rates, scientists are all but certain that changes taking place in the Arctic can be attributed to anthropogenic climate change
The Sahara Desert has suffered a catastrophic collapse of its wildlife populations, according to a new study led by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Zoological Society of London
Climate change could make the parasite Schistosoma mansoni, which causes schistosomiasis, significantly less common in the future, according to a new international study
An increase in the frequency of heavy rain brought on by warmer summer temperatures is proving deadly for young peregrine falcons in the Canadian Arctic

Migration watch

Cold, damp and dark winter days may not appear the best conditions for photographers, but now is the best time to catch some of the British Isles’ most celebrated avian visitors, particularly in one of the country’s many nature reserves
A team of scientists has discovered huge reserves of freshwater beneath the world’s oceans
Declining chlorine levels in the stratosphere haven’t yet led to the recovery of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica, according to two new NASA studies
Melting of West Antarctica’s ice cap is causing its bedrock to shift sideways, according to a new study
Climate-change related alterations to the Earth’s rotation are causing the position of the North Pole to shift, according to a new study
A new study has revealed some of the factors that made the submarine earthquake that set off the devastating tsunami that struck Japan’s Tohoku region in March 2011 so strong

The last place on Earth

South Georgia boasts some of the most spectacular concentrations of wildlife found anywhere on the globe. And for once, photographers don’t need to pack their long lenses and tripods in order to get great shots of animals in the wild
Scientists from the US Geological Survey (USGS) have identified the oldest large body of seawater, more than a kilometre under Chesapeake Bay in the USA
The world’s oceans could see a 170 per cent increase in acidification by the end of the century, according to a research summary led by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP)
A new study published in Nature Geoscience suggests that the seafloor off the coast of northern Siberia is releasing more than twice as much methane as previously estimated

'Missing heat' found

Suggestions that global warming has slowed or even stopped are in doubt following the publication of a new study that has identified the ‘missing heat’ in the global climate system
Strong growth in coal consumption has consolidated the fuel as the main source of carbon dioxide emissions, according to the Global Carbon Project’s (GCP) annual analysis of global carbon emissions
Neither solar activity nor the Sun’s blocking of cosmic rays is responsible for significant global warming, says a study in Environmental Research Letters
Hunting by Aboriginals in Australia’s Western Desert can actually increase the populations of the hunted animals, according to a recent study published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B

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