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Volcanic eruptions that took place during the early part of the 21st century have contributed to the hiatus in global warming
A new study published in Nature Climate Change suggests that an unprecedented strengthening of the equatorial trade winds has played a major role in the observed pause in surface warming
Extremely hot temperatures over land have increased in number and area, despite the hiatus in global warming, according to a new study

Unnatural acts

From the arrival of the first snowdrop to the fall of the last autumn leaf, the timing of seasonal events is changing, as are the ranges of countless species, all evidence of climate change’s impact on the natural world
The world’s oceans are absorbing about 90 per cent of the heat being added to the globe by climate change and up to a third of the carbon dioxide we’re producing, with potentially catastrophic consequences

The tide is turning

Extreme weather, rising sea levels and slowly altering local climates are affecting an increasing number of people around the world, from the Pacific to the Arctic. Even the West is feeling the pinch

Food for thought

Whether it’s increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, the spread of pests and pathogens or the impact of sea-level rise, climate change is making life increasingly precarious for farmers around the world
Cognitive science and psychology can help to explain why there’s a persistent gap between the established facts of climate science and their wider public acceptance

The big melt

All over the world, mountain glaciers are in retreat, providing one of the clearest and most unambiguous signals that climate change is already under way
Making long-term predictions about precipitation is virtually impossible. But scientists believe that the recent proliferation of heavy rainfall events and heatwaves is proof that climate change is taking hold

A continent in pieces

Temperatures are rising rapidly in parts of Antarctica, but the overall picture of the way in which the frozen continent and its inhabitants are responding to climate change is still incomplete

A clear signal

With the summer ice melting and temperatures rising at unprecedented rates, scientists are all but certain that changes taking place in the Arctic can be attributed to anthropogenic climate change
The Sahara Desert has suffered a catastrophic collapse of its wildlife populations, according to a new study led by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Zoological Society of London
Climate change could make the parasite Schistosoma mansoni, which causes schistosomiasis, significantly less common in the future, according to a new international study
An increase in the frequency of heavy rain brought on by warmer summer temperatures is proving deadly for young peregrine falcons in the Canadian Arctic

Migration watch

Cold, damp and dark winter days may not appear the best conditions for photographers, but now is the best time to catch some of the British Isles’ most celebrated avian visitors, particularly in one of the country’s many nature reserves
A team of scientists has discovered huge reserves of freshwater beneath the world’s oceans
Declining chlorine levels in the stratosphere haven’t yet led to the recovery of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica, according to two new NASA studies

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